I have been reading many posts the last few days about anxiety, depression, lack of self-esteem etc. It should be noted that there is always a significant up-tick in these feelings during dark of winter, and especially near Christmas-time. There are two categories of anxiety; one type is generated by real circumstances such as concerns about where your next rent payment will come from. That is conscious anxiety and normal. The next type, which is universal, is subconscious anxiety which has a much different generator. It is instilled in us at an early age before we are rational. We are made to believe that we are bad by well-meaning parents, teachers, preachers and others. Those ideas and feelings are stored in our subconsciousness. We don’t remember the specific incidents which caused the ideas and feelings, but we have a general feeling of uneasiness and don’t know why. The more we have been poorly indoctrinated in our formative years, the greater feelings of guilt and anxiety we exhibit. Greater degrees and extremes of anxiety may, and frequently do, lead to depression, even to the point of taking ones own life. Depression is caused by our failed exhaustive attempts to ward off punishment generated by the guilt instilled in us. We see defensive reactions exhibited in many ways but two stand out. One is the overbearing hot head know-it-all who has to be right all the time; would argue a point “till hell freezes over”, and all the time likely being wrong. The other in the cowed, meek, person who exhibits no feelings of self esteem. Typically, that person is shy, backward, hates to meet new people, doesn’t like crowds, would panic if asked to speak to a public audience, and typically will cling to one or two people in their lives. Usually they live in constant fear but have no idea why. In my powerful little book, Wilderness Cry, I show how Ideologies and Religion are the two main culprits in causing those problems. Both of those entities impose on us ideas and demands totally contrary to our God-given nature. As infants, toddlers and small children, we are not capable of a rational analysis of these contrarian ideas; we simply are left with the built-in ideas that we are bad which generates guilt; guilt generates need for punishment; punishment generates anxiety which generates feelings of worthlessness and depression. I show in my book that religions and ideologies in general have ignored Jesus’ command for us to love one another as ourselves. If that were the norm in our society, our children would be inculcated in a framework of love and acceptance. The result would be dramatic. Universal peace would prevail, anxiety would be reduced to a minimum, and people would be God-loving and people-loving. It will likely never happen because of Power, Money and Control. Dictators and Church Hierarchy will never relinquish their Power. For an understanding of how to rid yourself of these anxious feelings and for a complete elucidation of many, many more concepts, you must read my book, Wilderness Cry- a Scientific and Philosophical Approach to Understanding God and the Universe. Amazon and all on-line book retailers.
God: What an explosive word! Do you believe in a God and if so, why? If you don’t believe in God (atheist), why not? If you are a believer, and you are discussing God with your neighbor who also is a believer, how would the two of you communicate your God to each other? Would the two of you be discussing the same entity, or would each of you be using the same word with different understandings of that word? That is the likely scenario. And you might ask why I would make such an outlandish statement. My reason is very clear. I am as certain as can be that neither of you can define your God. You may have a vague idea, based on Old Testament Biblical descriptions, of a Grizzled old man sitting on a throne, or perhaps, disguised, all but His bust, by a cloud. This old dude is eternally stern-browed, perpetually unhappy with you and the entire world. Seemingly, there is no way to appease Him except through strict ritualistic practices associated with sacrifices of one kind or another, known as religion. You are never assured that your feeble attempts at appeasement are successful, so you live in constant fear of eternal damnation. Seemingly, both you and your neighbor are talking about the same entity. However, on closer analysis, we discover that neither of you knows the other’s God. The reason is obvious, because one of you is Roman Catholic and the other is Southern Baptist. And to top it all off, along comes two more neighbors to join in the conversation—one is Mormon and the other is Lutheran. None of the four of you are in any agreement at all about the necessity for appeasement nor how it is to be done. Before you know it, another neighbor who is atheist joins the foray, and, of course, she disagrees with you all. She says determinedly that there is no way that a grizzled old man could manufacture and maintain our universe all the while fighting the forces of the nether-world. Visibly, it is very clear and certain that no two individuals in the universe worship the same entity. And why do you suppose that is? The reason is extremely simple; no one until now has ever defined the “essence” of our Supreme Being. Without that necessary, absolute definition, common understanding is absolutely impossible. There can be no single-mindedness. That condition has created the eternal hostile morass the world has experienced since the inception of recorded history.
Recognizing the above described discord and disorder prompted me to seek a solution to the problem. It became readily clear to me that all the problems have been created by the singular lack of definition of the “essence” of our Divine Creator. Essence is that quality which makes any entity what it basically is. Absent an essential definition, we cannot possibly communicate rationally about anything. Therefore, I was compelled to Define The Essence God. That I did with six simple, irrefutable words. God Is A Perfect Rational Being. That definition brings God’s essential nature into the realm of clear understanding for everyone. Allow me to explain: When we say God, we acclaim Its existence; when we say Is, we accept that It is always in the present; when we say A, we recognize that there is no other (singular, but triune); when we say Perfect, we mean that It is whole and complete–It cannot possibly be changed, because any change would negate Its perfection; when we say Rational, we recognize the two qualities of rationality, an intellect which perceives, and a will which achieves; when we say Being, we recognize that It exists. Notice, I use the word It to describe God–the reason is simple–God has no gender. If It did have gender, then It would be fertile, generating all sorts of imaginary mates and offspring.
Using the above definition of God’s Presence allows each of us to arrive at a similar, complete understanding of the nature of our Supreme Being—we all would be like-minded. There is no room for debate. Philosophically, all understanding is unified. I believe that with this essential definition, most atheists would come on board, recognizing the sound philosophical approach. We could make many observations contrary to current beliefs and practices. Just a few for now: To your astonishment, miracles are impossible; a miracle would require a change in God’s nature–remember God’s perfection negates any possibility of change. God can be neither pleased nor displeased—either of these entities would indicate a deficiency in God’s perfection–an impossibility. The concept of Hell is irrational–God is Perfect Love which means It accepts us the way we are regardless–any rejection would negate God’s perfection. All the begging and pleading (prayers of petition) are irrational and selfish because, again, we are asking selfishly for God to change Its nature just for the selfish, egotistical “us”. All religion is irrational because it fails to recognize God’s perfection–it is, however, extremely self-serving, ever grasping for more power, money and control of our lives–and , in doing so, creating eternal discord on our earth. Our only justifiable, but not necessary, prayer is “Thank You Lord God, Jesus, and Holy Spirit (Will Of God). Amen.
I would strongly urge each of you to think on the above concepts and see how they apply to you and your understanding, or lack thereof, of your God. In addition I would strongly urge you to read, if you have not already, my powerful little book, Wilderness Cry; Amazon, Kindle ET. Al.
One more thought. Have you come to grips with the obvious concept that only one Supreme Being is possible. that means that every named Deity (God, Yahweh, Allah, Brahma, Buddha, etc) are all one and the same; a rose by any other name is still a rose. When the world comes to the above “like-mindedness”, peace will prevail—until then the turmoil beat goes on. H.L.H.
COMMON SENSE: WE hear this term used frequently in our every-day conversations and discussions. In general, it seems to imply an innate understanding of something without benefit of advance learning or education in the particular subject of discussion. Most often, the “common sense” method is applicable with correct results. Occasionally, however, what readily seems to be an obvious truth, may, in fact, be erroneous due to unknown extenuating circumstances. That, of course, is reason enough for us to show some reserve in our common sense “cock-sure attitude”. With that understanding, I would like to put you to little test of “Common sense”.
1- Assume that you are a young farmer, who wants to row-crop farm 2000 acres. You are almost totally ignorant of the farming process. Which source of information would your common sense direct you to: an astrologer/sage from 6000 yrs ago, or modern-day agricultural experts?
2-Assume you wanted to be an airline pilot. Would your common sense direct you to that same astrologer/sage from 6000 yrs ago or a modern avionics training facility?
3-Assume you wanted to design and build a 75 story sky-scraper hotel and you were totally ignorant about the process, would you consult an astrologer/sage from 6000 years ago, or would your common sense direct you to modern, highly educated architects and engineers?
Without intentionally demeaning anyone, I believe that if you chose the astrologer/sage from 6000 years ago for specific advise about any of the above considerations, you would be a complete fool, and would be exhibiting total lack of common sense.
Now lets consider the question of the most important thing in out lives; our “Eternal Existence”. Should not our common sense dictate that we accept the advice of modern-day philosophers, theologians, etc. concerning such matters rather than the skewed, superstitious, selfish, astrologer/sages from 6-8000 years ago? They started humanity out with an irrational concept of God (Supreme Being) based on absolutely no scientific knowledge of the universe. Their concepts were based on superstitions and imaginations which had absolutely no foundation in fact. It may, in fact, seemed to them like “common Sense” at the time. However, as stated before, sometimes, commonsense is thwarted by unseen, unknown, or even unimaginable knowledge. Be that as it may, humanity has been “stuck” with that 6-8000 year old irrational, undefinable, and totally misunderstood concept of God. Additionally, since Jesus appeared on the scene, the stories about Him and His Father have become so distorted and fragmented that basically anyone claiming to be Christian is a Church/religion unto him/herself. The reason for all that confusion is clear. No one, prior to now, has ever defined the essence of our God (Supreme Being). Common sense teaches us that without essential definition, there cannot possibly be common, unified understanding. Seemingly, we have come to the “point of no return”. Each of the 33,000 Christian denominations is dug-in like a badger protecting its turf. No longer, if ever, does “religion” offer any real guidance or genuine concern about our eternal destiny. Its only concern is “MONEY- POWER- CONTROL. Expanding the empire is both the stated and unstated goal. So-called missionaries are swarming the earth like ants in an attempt to gain converts to their way of thinking.
Having an awareness of this terrible morass caused me to seek the answer. It came to my attention that the basic problem centered on concepts of God (Yahweh, Allah, Buddha, Brahma, etc). There was no unanimity of thought or understanding of these entities, so it was impossible to have universal harmony. With that understanding, I set out to do something never before done. Some may say, by the grace of God, I succeed. I do not know where nor how the idea struck me, but out of the clear blue, the “essence of God became crystal clear”. Suddenly, I was able to define the Essence of God with six simple words. God Is A Perfect Rational Being. That essential definition is philosophically irrefutable. At the same time, it explains all the so-called mysteries in our lives. Because God is Perfect Love, Hell, Purgatory and the like are an impossibility. Perfect Love means “acceptance without conditions”. Jesus understood that concept completely and He tried desperately hard to instill it in His apostles. How successful he was, we’ll never know because the original writings are no longer available. All we have are the biased writings of zealots made from a 200-300 year old copy which, itself, was only one of thousands of hand written copies. If anyone wants to know what Jesus really taught, you must read the Coptic Gospel Of Thomas (The Secret Sayings Of Jesus Christ). In that Gospel Jesus tells his apostles at least thirty times the same thing in different words trying to get the to understand, namely, that He was in all things and all things were in Him. His illiterate apostles apparently couldn’t understand (maybe they did—we’ll never know in this life). Had Jesus truly been a “GOD-MAN”, He would have had no problem communicating. However, since he was a super-genius human who recognized that God’s Spirit (Will) was imprinted on him and every thing in existence, he preached a cult of love; we must all love our God with our all, and we must all love one another as ourselves. That got Him killed–the Jews wanted no part of such heresy. Jesus knew that He must and would die for one reason only. God must pay the price for all the iniquity (selfishness)in the universe, thereby becoming “Perfect Love”.
So, let your “common sense” be your guide. Would you rather have an idea of God dreamed up by astrologers/sages 6-8000 years ago which explains nothing and has led to constant turmoil since, or would you choose a modern irrefutable definition of God which explains all. My common sense says the latter. With that understanding, and only with that understanding, is the concept of “universal like-mindedness” possible. That understanding is the only path to world peace. With that understanding, I have called for recognition and acceptance by all people of the “World-Wide Communion Of Spirituality”. Simply stated, that concept recognizes that God’s Brand is stamped on each of us. As such, we are all brothers-and sisters. We all would be of one mind-set with a common sense definition of the Essence of God.
I am not unaware that this line of thought is foreign to most. However, if you opened your minds and hearts to “Common Sense”, it might cease to seem foreign.
As an adjunct and guide to this understanding, I would encourage everyone to read my little philosophy book, Wilderness Cry. Available Amazon, Kindle, ET AL.
INTUITION: This beautiful English word describes the intellectual ability to recognize and comprehend truth under conditions and/or circumstances which otherwise tend to be obscured or camouflaged. Intuition con-notates an insightful ability to ferret out truth which otherwise is hidden from most individuals. So, the world is rife with seemingly insoluble problems, all or most of which involve hostilities, or at a minimum evidence of gross selfishness and/or greed. Essentially all major differences are based on ideological and/or religious differences. One might reasonably ask why the differences? Why are the peoples of the world not of one, singular, mind-set? The answer is clear, the solution very murky. Throughout all of recorded history, different groups of people have conjured up ideas concerning a “higher power” or lack thereof. Each group has developed a scheme of understanding different from all others. In addition, since they were generated during a time of total scientific void, all are based on significant mythological ideas that have no relationship nor basis in reality. Therefore, as those ideologies and religions sprang forth regionally, each has been in a constant effort of expanding through both proselytizing and hostile aggression. What we have today is numerous major religions, each with varying divisions and sub-divisions. In Christianity alone, there are 33,000 denominations. Likely, when all are tallied, if possible, the total number of religious denominations would number in the hundreds of thousands. Mind you, each one of those denominations claims to be the one and only true religion. That situation, of course, sets the stage for continuing and continual hostilities, if not overt, at least subliminal. With that readily recognizable knowledge, it is very easy to see and understand the “cause” of the problem. What about the “solution”? Believe it or not, every problem has a concrete solution based on absolute fact and truth. That is where, Intuition, Insight, Honesty and Humility come into play. Lets begin with the basic premise that Peace must be based on “Like-mindedness”. All of humanity must have the same conceptualization of a Supreme Being. How is that to be possible? Lets consider what we have now; thousands and thousands of religious sects, each with the professed idea of a Supreme Being, but no two of which have the same idea and/or understanding. Why does that situation prevail? Very Simply, for a variety of reasons ( ignorance, selfishness, lack if insight and/or intuition, lack of/or acceptance of known science). Not one single person before me has ever “defined the essence” of our Supreme Being. The only way we can have “like-mindedness” is to have a clear-cut definition of the entity we label as a Supreme Being (God, Yahweh, Allah, Brahma, Buddha, etc.). I have in fact, in my powerful little philosophy book, Wilderness Cry , defined the Essence of God. With that essential definition, every human can and must conceptualize our SB with an essential like-mindedness. By defining the Essence of God as “A Perfect Rational Being”, I am able to remove any and all doubt about SB’s nature. It is perfect in all respects; therefore change is not possible. It has created every quantum of energy that make up everything in existence; each of them is perfect in form and function by virtue of SB’s Perfect Will (Holy Spirit). SB is “perfect love), meaning It accepts us and all our selfishness without conditions. That concept negates any idea of Hell, Purgatory etc. The genius Jesus, recognized that His soul and the soul of everything in existence mirrored its Creator. He saw that everything in existence was evil by virtue of its selfishness. He also saw that selfishness was necessary for the universe to function. He realized that in order for SB to be perfect love, It must “pay the price” of acceptance of all iniquity by dying in atonement. Jesus Insight and Intuition, led Him to know that since He was the only person to understand that fact, He was the “Chosen One”, the Messiah who had to pay the price. He was our representative. He did so willingly, but with great human angst. Consequently, our only “justifiable” prayer is “Thank you Lord God, Jesus, and Holy Spirit (Will of God). Amen. Have I shown you conclusively how proper insight and intuition can and must lead to world peace? Without that “Like-mindedness”, humanity and every living thing on this earth is DOOMED. Now consider this. Lets assume that by some miracle, the entire world accepted my philosophy, what would happen to religion. Instantly, there would be no need for any church, preacher, priest, bishop, pope, etc. In our like-mindedness of understanding of our SB as A PERFECT RATIONAL BEING, religion and pagan ideologies would instantly be “Null and Void”. I might add, parenthetically, that the chance of such understanding and acceptance by organizes religion would be equal to the proverbial “snowball in hell” scenario. That obvious fact does not, in any way, negate the absolute truth of what you just read. The only way that change would ever be possible, is from grass-roots up. If the public is not educated and brought to an insightful level of understanding, nothing will change for the better. That is why I plead for everyone to read my little book–it explains all. Amazon, Kindle, ET AL.
When I was a little boy
Not even seven,
I looked at the stars
And thought of heaven.
I looked at the moon
And thought my, my,
So far away,
Yet seems so neigh.
When I was a little boy
Not even eight,
I began to think
Of the pearly gates.
The more I thought,
The more I strove,
For much less hate,
And much more love.
Hilary L Hunt
GOD- Very Likely, the word God is the most used and, simultaneously, the least understood word in the English language. You might gasp in astonishment at such a statement–how could I say such a thing? I am easily allowed that privilege by virtue of my knowledge of the derivation of a concept of God in the first instance. Without the least explanation of , or attempt at essential definition of, God just burst forth from the pages of Genesis. We are told that God created the universe—in fact, we are given a choice of our liking as to the exact order in which He accomplished the feat. We also are lead to believe that God was stern and unforgiving—break My rules and suffer the dire consequences forever. Mind you, that’s not my story–it’s in the bible. Now, of course, the bible was written by people who had extreme imaginations. They seemingly interpreted events in their lives as direct interference of their God, both good and bad, as consequences of their activities. In due time, they conjured up events and consequences of literally every type and description, but usually with negative outcomes. Their God seemed to be in a constant state of morosity. They reasoned that appeasement by way of sacrificial offerings was not only desirable but absolutely necessary. Consequently there was a sin/peace offering designed for every conceivable breach of God’s law. Now fast-forward to Jesus—what an uproar He caused. How could anyone in his right mind even consider speaking of God’s love. Worse yet, loving one’s neighbor as self, and doing good to those who hate you, was such hypocrisy as to justify death by crucifixion. Before He died, however, Jesus explained to His followers that His Spirit and the Spirit of His Father permeated everything in the universe. He explained to them that his Spirit was in the bread they were eating. He asked them to remember that fact each time they ate, thereby promoting a memory and an attitude of thanksgiving for His sacrificial death of salvation for them and every evil in the universe. Now since that time, all sorts of meanings and interpretations of Jesus’ words and action have been justified by innumerable groups who altered the Holy writings to suit their fancy—we now have at least 33,000 known such groups, each claiming absolute authenticity. How can that possibly be??? The answer is extremely simple on the one hand and complicated on the other. It is simple because no two people who ever existed have had the same idea about just Who this God they were worshiping and talking about was/is—complicated, because each group was/is constantly attempting to gain “converts” to its way of thinking for one simple combined reason; power, money, control. Years ago, I recognized that problem of worshiping an undefined deity. It took a while, but finally it struck me. As I observed the perfect order in our universe, it became very clear to me that such perfection could not be achieved by a grizzled, morose, old man sitting on a throne in some unknown place. Such perfection could possibly be only the direct result of a perfect Intellect. Therefore, I was allowed and compelled to define the essence of our Supreme Being (GOD) as follows–GOD IS A PERFECT RATIONAL BEING. That definition says it all. God knows all, created all, maintains all, and is all. God is Perfect Love which means Its acceptance is complete without conditions. Jesus (God’s image) atoned for our iniquities. Being Perfect in all respects means simply that no change in God is possible– God’s mind cannot possibly be changed; God cannot possibly be pleased nor displeased. With that understanding, all the nonsensical, astronomically expensive religions and their practices are are ill advised and totally”miss the mark”. All the endless prayers of petition asking God to satisfy our selfish desires are ludicrous. Our only justifiable prayer is “THANK YOU LORD GOD, JESUS AND HOLY SPIRIT (WILL OF GOD). Amen. I might and must add that as Christians, we speak of God as our Supreme Being–Allah, Yahweh, Buddha, Brahma etc are the same Supreme Being—there can be only One Supreme Being. For a complete understanding of these and every concept concerning our existence, please read my powerful little book, Wilderness Cry—Amazon, Kindle ET Al. Comments welcomed.
PROPAGANDA: It is very likely that each of us has been exposed to a similar degree of propaganda. That is to say that we have been under the influence of some organizational “here to say” verbiage that has been presented to us as irrefutable, gospel truth. Because of our “brainwashing” influences, many, maybe most, of us have been suckered into a belief system that ” defies reality”. Each, in turn, is caught up in a smug cocoon of comfort. If we have enough external support, we feel very comfortable and secure in our own little cocoon. However, that comfort zone speaks nothing to reality. It is, in fact, so manifestly evident in the everyday presentation, of the false zone of security, seen in individuals of differing ‘faith bases”. Just today, I witnessed the seemingly joyous gathering of a group of Roman catholic women who belong to the “First Friday” group. The First Friday group are people who have been convinced that attendance at mass and receiving communion on the First Friday of each month somehow entitles the to a special place in God’s heart and ultimately in His kingdom. Of course, the ultimate visible goal is the ensuing “happy hour” of breakfast, and endless gossip following each First Friday session. Now, lets examine that philosophy. It seems to me that if the “First Friday” observation were indeed important for our salvation, it would be observed in the most sanctifying manner; that is, each communicant would leave the group in self- dignified fashion and would never be “tempted” to dilute the “First Friday”sanctity with the effervescent verbosity exhibited routinely at the post-First Friday masses. To me the entire event represent a charade, masquerading under the guise of holiness and spirituality; a complete hoax. Now, in reality, none of the above is pertinent to our salvation; the entire concept is a hoax and a sham. Our Creator is Perfect; meaning it cannot possibly be influenced by our cunning, conniving schemes aimed at gaining influence over our neighbors; “I doubt there is a greater sin”. Anyone who attempts to gain influence over his/her neighbor by supposed “religious” applications is a hypocrite in the ultimate degree. God plays “no favorites”. Anyone who presumes otherwise is inglorious. All of those presumptions stem from a false concept of God. God is a perfect rational being. As such, it would be impossible for It to be prejudicial, and/or “play favorites”. God is perfect love which means It attaches no more value to one than another. Please read my powerful little book, Wilderness Cry, to understand completely this and many, many more implications. Amazon, Kindle, ET AL. All comments welcomed.
I want to make it perfectly clear that in all my blog commentaries, my intention is to never offend or demean anyone. It is, however, intended to “tickle” the deepest recesses of your intellect, and stimulate you to independent thinking. Without doubt, most of you, as I , were brainwashed with a mythical image of an Irate God who would swish you into eternal fire of hell on the slightest whelm. That ideology defies any concept of an all loving “Perfect God”. I want you to consider this, seemingly simple but, very important concept. No one, before me, has ever defined the “essence” of God. That means everyone talks about an entity they cannot define. That in itself is irrational. We are never allowed to attempt to speak definitively about any entity whose essence we cannot define. Otherwise, we could not possibly communicate with another rational being. Since no one before me has defined the essence of God, then it behooves all of you to heed my essential definition. Before you read any farther, I want each of you to make a concerted effort at defining God. Then I want you to read my description and see how they coincide. Likely, you will be amazed and pleasantly surprised at how simple and complete and irrefutable my definition is. From past experience, it is very likely that most of you will attempt to define God by describing some of Its attributes. However, attributes do not suffice for an essential definition. I want you to very carefully formulate a description of God in as few as six to eight words, so that if you were describing the basic nature of God to a completely un-indoctrinated person, that person would have a clear picture of God’s essential nature ( that which makes It what It is). Have you formulated your definition. OK: see how your definition compares with mine. I have defined God thus with six simple words. Sounds crazy that God could be define with six simple English words? Try This: God Is A Perfect Rational Being. So how does that relate? When we say God, it means we accept there is God. When we say “is”, we mean It always is in the ever present. When we say “A”, we mean It is singular (triune, but singular). When we say Perfect, we mean It is lacking in nothing; It cannot be helped; It cannot be hurt. When we say “rational, we mean It has two basic attributes; an Intellect which perceives all and a Will which achieves all. When we say “being”, we mean It exists. So there you have a complete “essential” definition of our Creator. Notice I use the word It to describe out Supreme Being. Religious, prejudice and very biased people have ascribed the term “Father” to describe God. Does God have Gender? Does It have Penis and testicles? Is It capable of breeding? If so, what or who? Those prejudicial, gender driven, descriptions of God were generated by a very, very biased patristic society which gave no quarter of importance at all to the female. But those patristic descriptions of Good are subliminal brainwashing of the cruelest form, and have led to the most despicable degree of guilt among all people but especially females. That guilt is translated daily into tumultuous anxiety and depression with frequent eventual suicide. Do you have a clearer understanding of God now. Our God is Perfect Love as manifested through Jesus , who, recognizing that His inner being was a mirror image of Its Generator, freely chose to give His Life in complete reparation for our “selfishness”. That concept completely negates any possibility of Hell, Purgatory and the likes. For a complete understanding of these important concepts, and , more importantly, for complete escape from the throws of irrationality, you must read my powerful little book, Wilderness Cry; Amazon, Kindle Et Al. Please comment.